Wednesday, November 7, 2001 - Waxing
Cerax Ski Wax

- By: Matthias Ahrens

CERAX is proud to continue its partnership with Cross Country Canada in this Olympic Season. As we are entering a new generation of technology, I'd like to give you a brief summary of the evolution of waxing:

It was a hundred years ago in 1903, that the first wax was commercially sold and for a long time those tar waxes would impregnate the wooden skibases.

It took until the early seventies, and the development of plastic skis, for wax mixtures to be made with natural raw materials such as paraffin and microwax. These are chains of carbon hydroxide molecules and today we call them the "wax of the first generation".

"Wax of the second generation" followed in 1987 with the first synthetic waxes. These waxes were designed by chemists and we know them as fluor waxes. The big advantage it provided was to exchange the hydro atoms with fluor atoms to create high water repellency. The right mixture of paraffin, microwax, synthetic paraffin and fluoro carbon wax provided waxes for all conditions and temperatures, but also made wax choice more difficult and with the necessity sublayering, very costly.

Now we are at the gate of "Wax of the third generation". You could also call it Nanogate, since it is designed using the most recent nanotechnology. The process is a polymerisation of molecules with the advantage of adjustable chainlength and their extensions to other molecules. These new polymers are matching the hardness of the skibase and the abrasiveness of the snow and are chosen based on snow structure, not on temperature.

Here are some main advantages:

  • no hotsealing of base with iron